Often, the hip and knees experience the same diseases, problems, and injuries. For example, overuse injuries such as tendonitis and chronic muscle tension are common in the hip and knees because both joints are used regularly. They also all suffer from acute injuries, such as scratches, bruises, and dislocations.
Pain in the hip and knee can also be caused by pain that recurred from the pinched nerve, as the nerves travel through both areas. An imbalance in your posture or movement can lead to abnormal stress and premature deterioration in the hips and knees, thus leading to painful symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
The connection between hip and knee pain
When we are in pain and go to the doctor to find out what is wrong, we are often surprised to find that the area involved is not a cause for concern. This is because all our body parts are connected and work together to keep us alive. Often, if your knee hurts, your hip too.
Pain in the hip and knees can be caused by the joints themselves, or it may be the result of a basic condition in another part of the body. Your hip is a ball-and-socket joint that works to withstand the weight of the upper part of your body, relying on a variety of muscles and tissues to keep it moving and stable so that it can function properly.
Your knee is a hinge joint that can only move forward and backward. When you squat, your knees carry six times more weight than your hip. Proper movement of the hips and knees allows you to perform difficult movements such as standing, walking, running and dancing without falling.
What Can You Do for Pain In Hips and Knees?
The first suggestion I give, if the pain is not permanent, is to exercise correctly. The saying “No Pain, No Benefit,” is not true when it comes to hip and knee pain. Especially if the pain comes from arthritis. Switching to harmless exercise, such as a non-stop bike, stairs, rowing machine or yoga is the best option.
Sometimes the answer can be as simple as a bone insert in your shoe to help distribute the weight away from your arthritic joint. Other non-invasive solutions include anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Tylenol or Motrin.
If all the conservative measures are exhausted, surgery may be the best option. The “Joint Camp” at Baptist Hospitals has a proven approach and innovative procedures to assist patients through their surgical experience.
Why did my hip or knee pain develop?
Hip and knee pain can be found in the joint or side, but it is important to note that as the old saying goes, your knee bone is connected to your hip bone, so what happens to one affects the other.
Your hip is a ball-and-socket joint that works to support the weight of the upper part of your body, relying on many muscles and tissues to keep it moving and stable so that it can function properly.
Your knee is a hinge joint, confined with a forward-to-back motion. Personally, your knees support more weight than your hips, 6 times your body weight when doing squat. Properly moving your hips and knees allows you to flex your muscles to stand, walk, run, and play without falling.
Symptoms of hip pain radiating down leg to knee
When it comes to your hip and knees, there are symptoms that you should not ignore. If you delay seeing a doctor, you may increase the pain. You should make an appointment if you have any of the following:
- Inability to maintain your normal working life. If you find that you cannot do some of the things you enjoy doing, such as tennis, golf, cycling, or hiking, you should see a doctor.
- Pain that worsens at night and interferes with sleep. Inflammation, which is your body’s reaction to pain, becomes stronger at night. This inflammation can lead to a high level of pain.
- Catching, popping, or locking. This is a sign that the cartilage in the joint has ruptured or the cartilage fragments are broken in the joint space. Cartilage can completely disappear if left untreated.
- Difficulty performing simple tasks. Some patients will have difficulty wearing shoes and socks or performing other simple activities, such as bending over.
- Swelling. This can also be a sign that the cartilage in the joint is breaking. Cartilage can completely disappear if left untreated.
Often, people delay seeing an orthopedic surgeon because they fear that the surgeon will want to perform the operation. That is not the case. Usually, the sooner you see a doctor, the better the results. Conservative care usually begins with starting physical therapy.
Causes of hip pain radiating down leg to knee
The hips and knees experience the same diseases, problems, and injuries. For example, overuse injuries such as tendonitis and chronic muscle tension are common in the hips and knees because both joints are used regularly. They also all suffer from acute injuries, such as scratches, bruises, and dislocations.
Pain in the hip and knee can also be attributed to the pain referred to from the compressed sciatic nerve, while nerves travel through both areas. An imbalance in your posture or movement can lead to abnormal stress and premature deterioration in the hips and knees, thus leading to painful symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
Certain painful conditions may be specific to one joint or another. Cartilage injuries known as labral tears are specific to hip pain, while inflammation of the bursa pockets known as bursitis is a specific condition affecting the knee joint. However, painful wounds that cause discomfort in the hips can also affect the knees.
Strong hip flexion muscles and weak gluteus medius muscles can cause the hips to rotate inward without you even knowing it. This can lead to painful complications such as iliotibial band friction or patellofemoral stress disorder, such as stress placed on the knee or knee.
Other common causes include:
- Fracture of the hip
- Occupational injuries
- Tender or muscle tension
- Certain cancers
As with hips and, knee pain is often associated with the normal process of aging or overuse. However, chronic knee pain can also be the result of damage to the bone structures that make up the knee joint such as the fibula, tibia, and femur. Cartilage and vascular damage can also send patients to a physical therapist for immediate pain relief.
Although hip is not an inevitable part of the aging process, the condition is due to a combination of factors, many of which can be corrected or prevented. The doctor’s recommendations to reduce the risk of hip pain radiating down leg to knee or delay its onset include:
Maintaining a healthy weight; Excess weight increases pressure on weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees. In addition, fats produce cytokines, a destructive protein that stimulates inflammation throughout the body, altering cartilage cells and destroying them.
Stay active; Keep healthy ingredients from going. Even just 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise five times a week strengthens the supporting muscles and stabilizes your hips and knees and helps the joints stay in shape.
Protect your joints; Of course, injuries can not be completely avoided, but be careful when lifting heavy objects, and take breaks when doing something that puts stress on your hips or knees.
Although hip is a common cause of hip and knee pain, there are many different conditions or injuries that can cause your pain. It is important to evaluate your hips and knees with your doctor to determine the cause and recommend a plan to move forward to reduce your pain.
Treatment of hip pain radiating down leg to knee
Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause of the pain. Some of the most common treatment options for hip and knee pain include: rest, ice, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, stretching, physical therapy and injections.
Cortisone injections can give you relief of pain and reduce swelling. They can be very useful if there is severe swelling, but it is not very helpful if arthritis affects the movement of your joint. The duration of the injection is different, and there is a limit to how much your doctor can give you in a year.
Viscosupplementation is a treatment in which hyaluronic acid is injected into a joint. It can help the joints to function properly by acting like fat. There are several different types that your doctor will prescribe in various medical procedures. Because of the anatomy near the lumbar spine, the needle at the hip is more complex and therefore less frequently prescribed.
2. Physical Therapy
There are many benefits to physical therapy. Improving mobility, reducing pain, less inflammation and a better quality of life are just a few. The first visit to a physical therapist for hip pain will include tests, such as walking assessment, motion gauge and strength tests. Then, your physical therapist will create a personalized treatment plan.
Stable treatments may include ultrasound and ice. There will also be special exercises to improve hip strength, pain, and mobility. For pain in the knee, tests are also performed in conjunction with passive and active treatments, such as stretching. Treatment by a physical therapist for pain in the hip or knee can lead to a speedy recovery and help you avoid surgery. In addition, you will not have to rely on pain medication anymore.
3. Weight Loss
Most people with osteoarthritis are overweight. Simple weight loss can reduce stress on your weight-bearing joints, such as your hips or knees. Depending on the physics of the hip and knee joints, you place your body weight three to five times on these joints throughout the day especially when climbing stairs to and from the chair.
Every ten pounds of extra weight you carry can cause fifty pounds of pressure to carry on your hips and knees. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness.
Painkillers are usually the first choice for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee. Simple painkillers, such as acetaminophen, are available without a doctor’s prescription and can help reduce pain.
Non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs include other over-the-counter medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen to help reduce pain and swelling in the joint. The most powerful types of pain relievers are strong, non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs that can be prescribed by your doctor.
Regular exercise can help increase your range of motion and flexibility as well as help strengthen the muscles in your legs. Exercise is often effective in reducing pain and improving performance. Unfortunately, in the case of advanced arthritis, exercise can sometimes increase pain in the hip and knee joints. Your doctor or physical therapist can help develop a personalized exercise program that meets your needs and lifestyle.