what to know about acute arthritis
Author: Juma S Malima,Pharm
Section editor: Dominiq Baitan,MD
In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining (synovial membrane) becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint
Is my arthritis osteo or rheumatoid ?
Osteoarthritis tends to develop gradually over several years, as the joint cartilage wears away. Eventually the bones of your joints rub against each other. In contrast, the pain and stiffness of rheumatoid arthritis can develop and worsen over several weeks or a few months.
Do a physical exam. Your doctor will check for swollen joints, tenderness, redness, warmth, or loss of motion in the joints. Use imaging tests like X-rays. These can often tell what kind of arthritis you have
How do I know if my pain is rheumatoid arthritis?
Areas that may be affected include:
- Salivary glands.
- Nerve tissue.
- Bone marrow.
What is the most painful form of arthritis?
Causes of Acute Arthritis
- Advanced age (over 60)
- Cancer and chemotherapy.
- Chronic illness such as lung or liver disease.
- Having a prosthetic joint.
- High-purine diet.
- History of joint infection or joint surgery.
- Injection drug use.
When To Seek Medical Help From Acute Arthritis
- Home treatment hasn’t helped.
- You have pain multiple joints.
- Your joints hurt a lot.
- Pain doesn’t go away after rest.
- Your joints turn red or hot.
- Pain and stiffness come on slowly.